Wednesday, January 5, 2011

First Year Students-Competency 5 Review

To construct a plain seam, pin the right sides of the fabric together, then sew one row of standard stitches 5/8" from the fabric edge.

A button shank is made by stitching through the button over a toothpick or heavy pin, then wind thread tightly around the stitches under the button.

The correct way to press a fabric is to raise and lower the iron onto the fabric.

After the fabric pattern pieces are cut and right sides are placed together, sew a plain standard seam by sewing 5/8" from the cut edge, backstitching on each end.

To ease, run two lines of basting stitches 1/4" and 1/2" from the cutting line, then pull the bobbin thread of each line to allow fabric to be manipulated into a smaller area.

A sew-through button is attached by securing a thread at the button marking, placing a toothpick on top of the button, bringing the needle up through one hole and down through the other, and finally, making several stitches through the button and fabric.

The backstitch on a seam begins at the beginning of the stitching line and is repeated at the end.

Sew-through buttons have a shank made with thread, shank buttons have a metal or plastic loop on the back.

If the directions say: "Pin the interfacing to wrong side of the fabric, trim corners diagonally, stitch the interfacing to the fabric and trim interfacing close to stitching", you would be using non-fusible interfacing.

A plain seam is constructed by placing the right sides together, sewing a 5/8" seam, and pressing open.

A tailor's/pressing ham is a firm rounded cushion used to press curved seams and darts.

A seam is notched by cutting wedges of fabric from the seam allowance every 1/4" to 1/2".

If the directions say: "trim away interfacing seam allowance and press interfacing on the wrong side of the fabric piece" you would be using fusible interfacing.

The correct procedure to machine hem a pant leg is to fold back the garment edge 1/4" below the hem edge and machine blind stitch.

The turned and stitched seam finish is constructed by sewing a standard seam, pressing it open, then turning each seam allowance back 1/4" and stitching close to the fold.

A reinforced seam can prevent the crotch seam of shorts from continually breaking when a person sits down.

The best way to decide on an iron setting when there is no information on a care label is to test a setting on a seam allowance.

Pressing is best described as lifting the iron and setting it down again on the fabric.

To reduce bulk in a corner, trim seam allowances and cut close to the corner diagonally.

Notching will make a collar with an outward curve with too much fabric lie flat.

Elastic for a waistline casing should be cut 1" more than the waist measurement.

If one fabric edge is slightly longer than the one it will be attached to, easing will make them the same size.

A button that is used for decoration only can be applied with no shank at all.

Snaps are made of two sections-a ball half and a socket half. Sew on the ball half first, using a double thread.

Interfacing is used to give body and shape to a garment.

The slipstitch is a hem stitch that slips the hand needle inside the folded edge of the hem and then picks up one or two threads of the fabric directly below?

Fusible web is a great quick fix for a pants hem that has been pulled out by the heel of a shoe.

The slipstitch used to hem is used to attach one folded edge to another piece of fabric.

To select elastic for a casing, use one that is 1/8" to 1/4" narrower than the casing width.

Whenever pattern instructions use only the word "stitch", a 5/8" seam allowance is implied.

A zigzag seam finish is fast and easy for fabrics that ravel.

A serged seam is used to produce the seam and seam finish at the same time.

The fabric will ravel if a person uses regular seams for apparel.

A seam finish can be done with either the sewing machine or the serger

Plain seams should be backstitched at the beginning and end of the seams.

To sew a plain seam, the fabric edge is placed against the 5/8" fraction on the needle/throat plate.

Follow the guide sheet directions to know the seam size, especially for teddy bears.

To sew a plain seam, fabric should ALWAYS be right sides together.

A machine zigzag finish is used on medium and heavy weight material.

A plain seam is constructed by stitching a 5/8" seam and then pressing it open.

A serged seam finish is best for stretch fabrics, especially a jogging suit.

A press cloth is used to prevent a shine from forming on fabric when pressing.

A pressing/tailor's ham should be used to press the curved areas of a garment.

Ironing is used to remove wrinkles in apparel after laundering.

Pressing is the technique used in apparel construction to open seams after stitching.

Temperature is the most important factor in the effective use of an iron.

A press cloth protects fabrics from developing a shine or glossy finish when pressing.

It is best NOT to press over pins because they may leave an impression on the fabric and may scratch the iron.

Fiber content determines the iron temperature and use of moisture.

Ironing uses a back and forth motion of the iron and can cause fabric to stretch.

A press cloth helps prevent shine, matting, and iron impressions.

To clip a seam allowance, make tiny snips every 1/4" to 1/2".

To make seam allowances on the inward curve of a neckline lie flat, grade then clip the seam allowance.

One way to reduce bulk from and inside curve is to trim and clip the seam allowance.

After being graded, the smallest seam allowance should be about 1/8". It should also be closest to the inside of the garment.

After a seam allowance is graded, the widest part should be closest to the outside of the garment.

Easing and gathering are both used to control fullness in a garment.

The fullness of a very flared hem edge is controlled by easing.

A casing is a closed tunnel of fabric that holds a piece of elastic or a drawstring inside.

An applied casing is a separate strip of fabric that is sewn to the waist area to hold elastic or a drawstring.

The best tools to insert elastic through a casing are a safety pin or a bodkin.

A self-casing encloses a drawstring and is formed by turning back the edge of the garment piece.

The result of easing two fabrics together should be a smooth flat seam.

Zippers work better on the back of a dress than buttons. safety pins, or snaps.

Machine stitching is the BEST method for attaching Velcro to a garment.

Use a double strand of matching regular thread to attach a sew-through button.

A shank button has a metal or plastic loop already attached to the back.

Velcro is often found on jackets, sportswear, children's clothes, and craft items.

Use a double thread to attach buttons, snaps, and hooks and eyes.

When attaching non-fusible (sew in) interfacing, trim away 1/2" of the interfacing edge prior to stitching.

Interfacing gives shape to collars. cuffs, and waistbands.

Turned and stitched hems are appropriate for shirts.

Skirt hems should hang parallel to the floor.

Machine stitching hems are a quick technique for hemming pants.

Slipstitches used for hems should be almost invisible.

Topstitching can be used to attach a hem and decorate at the same time.

Hand hemming stitches should be spaced evenly for a neat look and should be loose enough that fabric doesn't pucker.

Backstitching prevents seam ends from pulling apart.

A regular seam should be reinforced by using very short stitches, 15 to 20 per inch. A second row of stitches within the seam allowance is also usually used.

Well-made seams should be pressed after stitching.

Plain seams are stitched with the right sides together.

Dry cleaning is NOT a seam finish and therefore cannot prevent raveling.

A standard seam is 5/8" wide.

Sergers produce a serged seam finish.

After sewing a standard seam, the next step is to press the seam open.

To press a seam, first press it flat, then press it open.

Properly pressed apparel should have pressed seams.

To prevent shine on fabric, use a press cloth.

Items that are essential for pressing are an iron, ironing board, and press cloth.

An iron, a press cloth and a tailor's/pressing ham are basic pressing equipment. Ball point pins are NOT.

Use a tailor's/pressing ham to press curved seams and darts

A press cloth is used to prevent shine on the right side of the fabric.

Curved seams should be pressed over a tailor's/pressing ham.

All seams should be pressed after being stitched.

Ironing uses a back and forth motion.

To prevent shine on the right side of the fabric, press on the wrong side whenever possible.

Bulk is reduced in a seam by grading the seam allowance.

Casings are often used to control fullness at the waist.

Casings do NOT require interfacing. Collars, facings, and waistbands DO require interfacing.

Casings are used with drawstrings, elastic, and ribbon. Buttons are not used with casings.

Use a double thread to attach buttons to a garment.

Velcro is attached to apparel items by machine or hand stitching. Using a glue gun doesn't work.

Velcro can be described as two nylon strips that intermesh. It is also called hook and loop tape.

Use a single thread to hem by hand.

Staystitching has absolutely nothing to do with hemming. Staystitching is used on fabric to prevent stretching before seaming.

Hems can be constructed by fusing, hand stitches, or machine stitches.

Velcro does not require a special tool to apply. It is two nylon strips, must be attached to the fabric, and cannot be ironed.

To sew on snaps, stitch the ball half in place first. That makes it easier to mark where the socket half goes.

Interfacing adds stability and stiffness.

Fusible interfacing is attached with heat on the WRONG side of the fabric.

Non-fusible interfacing is basted in the seam allowance to the wrong side of the fabric.

Hems should be straight and even.

Most commercially made pants are hemmed with the machine blind stitch.

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